Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Training Essentials

Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Training Essentials Course with Hands-On Exercises (Online, Onsite and Classroom Live)

Looking for an introduction to the increasingly important field of Signals Intelligence (SIGINT)? In this Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Training Essentials course you will learn how the performance of a SIGINT system is impacted by algorithm selection, hardware architecture, propagation effects, and emitter characteristics. Traditional and modern emitter geolocation approaches will be presented, as well as the analytical means to predict their accuracy. Sophisticated techniques to enable operation in dense signal (i.e. cochannel interference) environments will be explored, such as interferometry and automatic modulation classification.

SIGINT is most often used by military or intelligence agency professionals, who have to deal with messages and data of one or more parties that are gathered using any type of electronic, communications, or foreign instrumentation signals intelligence, irrespective of how the information was conveyed. This could be in the form of written messages, verbal communications, data from weapons systems or radar, etc.

Today’s high-performance SIGINT systems require massive processing power to detect, identify, and classify an enormous number of highly complex signals.

Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Training EssentialsDuration: 3 days

  • We can adapt this Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Essentials course to your group’s background and work requirements at little to no added cost.
  • If you are familiar with some aspects of this Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Essentials course, we can omit or shorten their discussion
  • We can adjust the emphasis placed on the various topics or build the Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Essentials Course around the mix of technologies of interest to you (including technologies other than those included in this outline).
  • If your background is nontechnical, we can exclude the more technical topics, include the topics that may be of special interest to you (e.g., as a manager or policy-maker), and present the Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Essentials course in a manner understandable to lay audiences.

The target audience for this Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Essentials course:

  • This course is designed for engineers, scientists, and managers with the desire to understand the special considerations inherent in SIGINT.

The knowledge and skills that a learner must have before attending this Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Essentials course are:

  • Understand real-world propagation effects and models for challenging environments.
  • Become familiar with receiver architectures and modern digital signal processing hardware.
  • Learn means to predict system performance via link budgets and detection theory.
  • Gain knowledge of issues associated with geolocation, such as a number of receiver platforms, measurement types, and requirements for data links and timing sources.
Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Training Essentials - OBJECTIVES

Upon completing this Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Essentials course, learners will be able to meet these objectives:

  • Discuss the basic and advanced SIGINT principles
  • Discuss strategies for safeguarding SIGINT approaches
  • Define the roles and responsibilities that support SIGINT environments
  • Conduct gap analysis between SIGINT baseline and best practices
  • Get familiar with RF theory, antenna principles, antenna types and characteristics
  • Tools to predict system performance via link budgets and detection theory.
  • Learn about Interferometers and adaptive digital beamforming
  • Evaluate detection concepts and principles of link budgets
  • Describe principles behind emitter geolocation techniques
  • Evaluate and implement advanced signal processing techniques
  • Analyze, assess, and optimize propagation effects and models for challenging environments
  • Integrate receiver architectures and modern digital signal processing hardware/software
  • Explain the principles behind Software Defined Radio (SDR)
  • Evaluate and implement the security controls necessary to ensure confidentiality, integrity and availability (CIA) in SIGINT environments
Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Training Essentials - OBJECTIVES


  • What is signals intelligence (SIGINT)?
  • Principles behind Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR)
  • ISR missions
  • ISR intelligence architectures
  • Component of command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C4ISR) applications
  • Image intelligence (IMINT), signals intelligence (SIGINT), and measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT) collection systems
  • Collection and exploitation of signals transmitted from various communication systems, radars, and weapon systems
  • Technical definitions
  • Targeting
  • Intercept management
  • Signal detection
  • Traffic analysis
  • Electronic order of battle
  • Communications intelligence
  • Electronic signals intelligence
  • SIGINT and Electronic Warfare (EW)

Elements of SIGINT

  • Communications Intelligence (COMINT)
  • Technical and intelligence information derived from intercept of foreign communications
  • Electronic Intelligence (ELINT)
  • Information collected from systems such as radars and other weapons systems
  • Foreign Instrumentation Signals Intelligence (FISINT)
  • Signals detected from weapons under testing and development
  • Principles behind Geolocation,
  • Parameters of receiver platforms, measurement types
  • Requirements for data links and timing sources
  • Role of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) in SIGINT

The Fundamentals of Signal Analysis

  • Basics of Software Defined Radio (SDR)
  • The Time, Frequency and Modal Domains
  • Principles behind Time Domain
  • Principles behind Frequency Domain
  • Instrumentation
  • Dynamic Signal Analysis
  • FFT Properties
  • Sampling and Digitizing
  • Aliasing
  • Band Selectable Analysis
  • Windowing
  • Network Stimulus
  • Averaging
  • Real-Time Bandwidth
  • Overlap Processing
  • Dynamic Signal Analyzers
  • Modal Domain Measurements

Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Technical Principles

  • SIGINT Capability
  • Performance of a SIGINT system
  • Algorithm selection
  • Software, firmware, and hardware architecture
  • Propagation analysis and effects
  • Emitter characteristics
  • Traditional and modern emitter geolocation approaches
  • Analytical tools and algorithms to predict accuracy
  • Operation in dense signal environments
  • Interferometry and automatic modulation classification
  • Adversaries’ electronic signals
  • Evaluate raw data from foreign communication systems, radars, and weapon systems
  • Data transformation and actionable intelligence
  • SIGINT integration with different platforms and UAVs, , manned aircraft, surface vessels, and ground vehicles
  • Commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) -hardware
  • Open system architecture
  • Advanced signal location and exploitation capabilities

SIGINT Operational Planning

  • SIGINT organization
  • Command and Control (C2) and Operations
  • SIGINT roles and responsibilities
  • Planning and operations
  • Planning responsibilities
  • SIGINT organization's structure examples
  • Planning consideration
  • SIGINT communications
  • SIGINT functional planning (using DoDAF views)
  • SIGINT Systems Engineering
  • SIGINT Concept of Operations (ConOps)
  • Enemy Characteristics
  • Topography
  • Coordination of SIGINT operations
  • Planning and direction
  • Collection
  • Processing and Exploitation
  • Production, Dissemination, and Utilization

Principles of Collection

  • SIGINT collected
  • Type of signal targeted Raw SIGINT
  • Signals Analysis
  • Analyzing electronic signals and communications
  • Analyzed SIGINT
  • Role of HUMINT
  • Translators, cryptologists, analysts, and other technical experts
  • The process of turning the raw data into intelligence
  • Tools to produce finished intelligence
  • The volume and variety of today’s signals
  • Challenges to the timely production of finished intelligence
  • Track and analyze all the SIGINT collected

Principles of Electronic Intelligence

  • Basic math concepts
  • Waveforms
  • Principles of modulation and coding
  • Radar Principles
  • Interpulse modulation
  • Intrapulse modulation
  • Radiation patterns and scan
  • Radar types and functions
  • Collection anomalies
  • Analysis of Radar signals
  • Electronic attack
  • Digitization and interpretive analysis
  • Electronic intelligence (ELINT) analysis techniques
  • ELINT applications, strengths, and limitations

Advanced Electronic Intelligence

  • SIGINT technologies
  • The analysis of Radar signals
  • Signal-to-Noise-Ratio  (SNR) and Eb/No considerations for analog and digital Systems
  • Signal power
  • Polarization (Linear, Circular and Elliptical)
  • Beam analysis
  • Antenna Scan analysis
  • Intrapulse analysis
  • Radio Frequency (RF) analysis
  • Determining ELINT parameter limits
  • Technical ELINT (TechELINT)
  • Signal structure, emission characteristics, modes of operation, emitter functions
  • Weapons systems associations of such emitters as radars, beacons, jammers, and navigational signals
  • Tools to obtain signal parameters
  • Design of radar detection, countermeasure or counter-weapons equipment
  • Operation of the countermeasures
  • Operational ELINT (OpELINT)
  • Locating specific ELINT targets
  • Determining the operational patterns of the systems
  • Electronic Order of Battle (EOB)
  • Threat assessments
  • Tactical ELINT
  • Collection, processing, and reporting of foreign telemetry signals intelligence
  • Intelligence information derived from the intercept, processing, and analysis of foreign telemetry
  • Foreign Instrumentation Signals Intelligence

Workshops and Case Studies

  • An approach to UAV-based ELINT
  • Principles of sensor and data fusion in SIGINT
  • Optical imaging satellite data and Electronic Intelligence Satellite data
  • Detection area analysis in ELINT systems
  • A simple ELINT receiver architecture
  • Overview of a conventional warfare ELINT system supporting an unconventional COMINT fight
  • Cyber/SIGINT collection, processing techniques, and enablers
  • Cyber/SIGINT systems engineering, analysis, development, integration, test and evaluation of technologies/techniques
  • Real-time processing technology to improve the extraction, identification, analysis, and reporting of tactical information applied to Cyber and SIGINT
  • ISR information extraction for SIGINT issues
  • Algorithms for identification, collection, processing, and exploitation of electronic communication signals in a moderate to dense co-channel environment with potentially significant Doppler effects
  • Working with GNU Radio to explore Software Defined Radio (SDR)
Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Training Essentials Course Wrap-Up

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